Hypertriglyceridemia, a common dyslipidemia of complex definition

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Chiara Trenti *
Emanuele A. Negri
Ido Iori
Davide Favali
(*) Corresponding Author:
Chiara Trenti | paola.granata@pagepress.org

Abstract

Background: Hypertriglyceridemia is a common biochemical finding. Depending on the triglyceride levels it can be associated with increased risk of acute pancreatitis and of cardiovascular disease. The most severe forms have a genetic basis.
Clinical case: We report a case of a 60-year-old woman with very high triglycerides (800- 3,000 mg/dL) and normal cholesterol levels. The patient is a non smoker, on hypolipemic diet, non alcoholic consumer, and on regular physical exercise. Her blood pressure is normal, BMI is 20, waist circumference is 78 cm. Thyroid, renal and hepatic function are normal. She has never had acute pancreatitis or cardiovascular disease.
Discussion: The diagnostic and therapeutic management of this case is discussed. Causes of primary (genetic) and secondary hypertriglyceridemia are also reviewed, together with clinical features and management on every day practice. We focused on severe hypertriglyceridemia.

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