An unusual cause of eosinophilic pleural effusion and migrating biliary stenosis: Strongyloides stercoralis infection in a young immunocompetent man

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Elisa Paolucci *
Eva Tonveronachi
Chiara Praticò
Maria Cristina Zani
Maria Cristina Paonessa
Michele Maria Domenico Imperatore
Beniamino Praticò
(*) Corresponding Author:
Elisa Paolucci |


We present the case of a 33-year-old Italian man who came to our attention for epigastralgia associated with polyserositis (pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal effusion with the involvement of the Douglas excavation), in the absence of a significant medical history. Laboratory analysis revealed exudative eosinophilic pleural effusion; serial imaging techniques showed a transient stenosis of the right hepatic duct and a subsequent stenosis of the left hepatic duct. After several negative serological investigations, a positive anti-strongyloides immunoglobulin G antibodies titer rose suspicions of Strongyloides infection, which was confirmed by positive stool sample for parasite. Ivermectin-therapy was started and the patient has fully recovered.

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