A young woman with headache and seizures


CASE REPORT We describe a 31 year-old woman with headache and acute onset of seizures. Medical history and physical examination were unremarkable. She has been on therapy with oral contraceptives for many years for dysmenorrhea. A CT scan was negative, but MRI and MR-angiography showed left transverse sinus thrombosis. Screening for thrombophilia revealed hyperhomocysteinemia and Factor V Leiden heterozigousity. The patient received unfractionated heparin, followed by long-term anticoagulation with warfarin (INR 2-3).
CONCLUSIONS Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare cerebrovascular disorder, frequently in young adult (about 75% are women). The diagnosis might be difficult with consequent high long-term morbidity and mortality rate. New neuroimaging techniques (MRI and MR-angiography) and more effective treatment (anticoagulation and endovascular thrombolysis) have improved the prognosis and the natural history. The risk factors, the clinical presentation, the diagnostic evaluation and the management of cerebral venous thrombosis are reviewed.


Download data is not yet available.
Case Reports
Seizure, Cerebral venous thrombosis, Screening for thrombophilia, Anticoagulation therapy, MRI-MR-angiography.
Abstract views: 596

PDF: 1801
Share it

PlumX Metrics

PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.

How to Cite
Pizzini, A., Silingardi, M., & Iori, I. (2013). A young woman with headache and seizures. Italian Journal of Medicine, 2(4), 25-29. https://doi.org/10.4081/itjm.2008.4.25