Recent applications of nuclear medicine in diagnostics (I part)

Abstract

Introduction: Aim of this review is to describe the recent applications of nuclear medicine techniques in diagnostics, particularly in oncology.
Materials and methods: We reviewed scientific literature data searching for the current role of tomographic nuclear medicine techniques (SPECTand PET) in oncology and summarized the main applications of these techniques.
Results: Nuclear medicine techniques have a key role in oncology allowing early diagnosis of many tumours, an accurate staging of disease and evalutation of treatment response. Hybrid SPECT/CT and PET/CT imaging systems now provide metabolic and functional information from SPECTor PETcombined with the high spatial resolution and anatomic information of CT. The most frequent applications of SPECT/CT in oncology concern thyroid tumours, neuroendocrine tumours, bone metastases and lymph node mapping. Furthermore the evaluation of many tumours may benefit from PET/CT imaging.
Discussion: The recent development of new radiopharmaceuticals and the growth of hybrid tomographic devices, such as SPECT/CT and PET/CT, now permits molecular imaging of biologic processes at the cellular level to improve both the diagnosis and treatment of many tumours.

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Published
2013-04-30
Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Nuclear medicine, SPECT/CT, PET/CT, Oncology.
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How to Cite
Treglia, G., Cason, E., & Fagioli, G. (2013). Recent applications of nuclear medicine in diagnostics (I part). Italian Journal of Medicine, 4(2), 84-91. https://doi.org/10.4081/itjm.2010.84