Retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in the treatment of renal cancer: a 5-year single-center experience in resource-scare setting

Published: 8 July 2024
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Based on a retrospective hospital-based analysis, this study examines the results of retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for patients with T1-T2 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from January 2019 to December 2023. Of the 73 patients, 4.1% had TNM stage II tumors and 95.8% had TNM stage I tumors (53.4% T1a and 42.4% T1b). In terms of frequency, clear cell RCC accounted for 84.9%, with papillary RCC coming in at 9.6% and chromophobe RCC at 4.1%. Following surgery, four patients experienced fevers, one needed a blood transfusion, two had infections, and one had emergency surgery. Lumbar masses and hematuria were absent in all patients. Subsequent metastatic lesions and abnormalities of the renal fossa were not observed on follow-up ultrasounds. 4.1% of the deaths after 25.9 months were due to the disease, and 1.4% were caused by accidents. At one, two, three, and four years, the cumulative survival rates were 100%, 97.2%, and 92.8%, respectively. 48.1 months was the mean postoperative survival period. For RCC stages T1-2, retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy offers significant benefits and comparable results to open surgery.

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How to Cite

An, N. M., Kien, N. T., Duc, N. V., & Long, V. H. (2024). Retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in the treatment of renal cancer: a 5-year single-center experience in resource-scare setting. Italian Journal of Medicine, 18(3). https://doi.org/10.4081/itjm.2024.1764