An update on methods for sarcopenia diagnosis: from bench to bedside

  • Andrea P. Rossi | andrea.rossi@hotmail.it Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Sofia Rubele Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Alessia D'Introno Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Italy.
  • Elena Zoico Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Piero Bradimarte Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Giulia Amadio Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Nicole Nori Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Paola Gnerre Medicina Interna, Ospedale San Paolo, Savona, Italy.
  • Gloria Mazzali Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Francesco Fantin Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.
  • Mauro Zamboni Geriatric Section, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.

Abstract

Sarcopenia has been recognized as an age-related syndrome characterized by low muscle mass, low muscle strength, and low physical performance that is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, hospitalization, frailty and mortality. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the condition early for applying intervention and prevention of the disastrous consequences of sarcopenia if left untreated. Clinical definition and diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia have been developed in the last years and different tools have been proposed for screening subjects with sarcopenia, evaluating the muscle mass, the muscle strength and the physical performance. In this review we analyzed the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia and examined the current assessment tools used for the diagnosis and screening of sarcopenia.

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Published
2018-06-20
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Issue
Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Sarcopenia, aging.
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How to Cite
Rossi, A. P., Rubele, S., D’Introno, A., Zoico, E., Bradimarte, P., Amadio, G., Nori, N., Gnerre, P., Mazzali, G., Fantin, F., & Zamboni, M. (2018). An update on methods for sarcopenia diagnosis: from bench to bedside. Italian Journal of Medicine, 12(2), 97-107. https://doi.org/10.4081/itjm.2018.995

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